For example, because of the cost principle and the monetary unit assumption a company’s accounting records consist only of items that were acquired in a past transaction. Those guidelines also mean the recorded items are usually reported by a Melbourne accountant at an amount that is no higher than their cost at the time of the transaction. While this may be convenient for auditors and Melbourne accountants, who can verify past transactions instead of determining current values, it is not helpful for people who must make decisions.
Decisions—including those to improve profits—involve the present and the future. (No decision can undo the past.) Accordingly, the decision maker needs current and future amounts. Always keep in mind that the numbers in a company’s general ledger are all past, historical, or sunk amounts. Some of these historical amounts may be completely irrelevant, while others may be useful if they are adjusted to the present and future. Your Melbourne accountant can help shed more understanding to this matter.
Fortunately, only a limited quantity of numbers may be necessary in order to make the correct decision. For example, if the executive team’s compensation will not change if the product line is expanded, then the executive team’s compensation is not relevant and does not have to be brought into the analysis on the expansion.
We will use short cases to illustrate the relevant amounts necessary to make decisions for improving profits. You should also be mindful that people from disciplines other than accounting may have different solutions for the situations. Lastly, slightly different situations could result in vastly different outcomes than those presented by a Melbourne accountant.